Increased need for young and educated immigration

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Western cities and business poles face the need to get more human resources, as baby boomers enter in retirement. The difference with the industrialization age is that the required immigration is to be educated or young enough to get education. Without an important flow of immigrants, the European population would start to decrease from 2012.

Enablers:
- Western aging population: retirement of baby boomers, lack of brain resources
- 21st century value creation based on services and intelligence (high-education skills) as opposed as production.
- Attractiveness of western countries offering higher quality of life and higher wages

Inhibitors:
- lack of “educated” immigration: mainly a western resource, as the majority of immigration candidates have low education and flee from poverty or/and lack of opportunities in their origin country.
- increasing attractiveness of developing countries which will require more workforce at all levels.

Sources:
The world in 2025: Rising Asia and socioecological transition, European Commission, 2009