Piracy

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Description:

Maritime piracy, according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982, consists of any criminal acts of violence, detention, or depredation committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or aircraft that is directed on the high seas against another ship, aircraft, or against persons or property on board a ship or aircraft. Piracy can also be committed against a ship, aircraft, persons, or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any state, in fact piracy has been the first example of universal jurisdiction. Recently, piracy has increased dramatically across the Gulf of Eden. Piracy, a societal development, has become a threat to the safety of vessels and its personnel.


Enablers:

  1. Poverty and economic disparities
  2. Increase of poverty gap
  3. Political instability
  4. The oil price
  5. The financial crisis


Inhibitors:

  1. Maritime Transportation security
  2. Safety precautions
  3. Diplomatic forces

Paradigms:

Shipping used to be a fairly safe mode of travel and transportation. After the terrorist attacks on WTC, security regulations have increased, but at the same time in certain regions, piracy has risen dramatically in the Somalia region. Old: shipping is a safe mode of travel and transport New: Shipping potentially is an unsafe mode of transport

Experts:

  1. Security experts
  2. Diplomats

Timing:

As of 2008, piracy emerged and caused international transportation vessels to increase safety measures and/or to take alternative routes

Web resources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piracy http:imo.org/facilitation/mainframe.asp?topic_id=362 http://www.hcss.nl/en/column/672/Turbulent-Waters-in-a-Maritime-Black-Hole-.html