The Future of Ubiquitous computing in 2025

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Team Composition

Client Question

  • Will the average citizen of a developed nation in 2025 enjoy an enhanced sense of personal freedom as a result of information processing in everyday life?
  • How about the reality of personal freedom, as opposed to that person's subjective assessment?
  • And how about the average citizen of a less developed nation?

Adam Greenfield


u·biq·ui·tous [yoo-bik-wi-tuhs]
   existing or being everywhere, esp. at the same time; omnipresent: 'ubiquitous fog; ubiquitous little ants.
   ( entry)

Ubiquitous computing (ubicomp) integrates computation into the environment, rather than having computers which are distinct objects. Other terms for ubiquitous computing include pervasive computing, calm technology, things that think, everyware, and more recently, pervasive Internet. Promoters of this idea hope that embedding computation into the environment and everyday objects would enable people to interact with information-processing devices more naturally and casually than they currently do, and in ways that suit whatever location or context they find themselves in.

Ubicomp's central aim has been invisibility, meaning that one does not need to continually rationalize one's use of a ubicomp system. Having learnt about its use sufficiently well, one ceases to be aware of it. It is "literally visible, effectively invisible" in the same way that a skilled carpenter engaged in his work might use a hammer without consciously planning each swing. Similarly, when you look at a street sign, you absorb its information without consciously performing the act of reading.

Ubicomputing is considered by some as the next great wave in IT development. Currently we see a wide range of research and experimental projects which are discovering the potentials of ubiquitous computing. In the related articles and videos sections below some of these experimental projects are highlighted. Ubiquitous computing is also currently being implemented into urban areas all over the developed world. For example: the newly introduced 'top-up' cards in the Dutch public transport sector, a "media table" in the lobby of New York's Asia Society, New York hotel rooms which 'remember' the preferred environmental settings (room temperature, lining up entertainment options, and loading up frequently dialed numbers) of their high margin frequent guests, and numerous new developments of ubiquitous computing embedded into the environment of many cars (features such as the Volvo blind-spot information system and personalized driver settings in many cars today).

Synonyms for Ubiquitous computing:

  • pervasive computing
  • calm technology
  • things that think
  • everyware
  • pervasive Internet
  • physical computing
  • tangible media

Wiki's Driving Forces Page

The Driving Forces






System Diagram



Research Agenda
Analysis of the book 'Everyware' on Ubiquitous Computing


  • Marc Weiser
  • Adam Greenfield
  • Teruyasu Murakami
  • Akihisa Fujinuma
  • Ichire Morimoto
  • Hiroyuki Makamura
  • Friedemann Mattern
  • Takeshi Nakagawa
  • Hideaki Nakamoto
  • Masatoshi Komeichi
  • Tadashi Tsuji
  • Toshitada Nagumo
  • Hisao Nakajima
  • Yasutake Okano

Related Articles

  • The Disappearing Computer by Bill Gates. link
  • A Digital Life link
  • Original website of Marc Weiser. link
  • Techware. link
  • Wearable computing Lab ET Zurich. link
  • Social, Economic, and Ethical Implications of Ambient Intelligence and Ubiquitous Computing. Link
  • Wireless Future: Ubiquitous Computing Link
  • Living in a World of Smart Everyday Objects - Social, Economic, and Ethical Implications Link
  • Ambient Intelligence: Changing Forms of Human-Computer Interaction and their Social Implications Link
  • What Does Ubiquitous Computing Mean For Teaching and Learning? Link
  • EU Report: Shaping Europe’s Future Through ICT Link
  • Toward Computer-Supported Ubiquitous Language-Learning Link
  • Supporting Classroom Activities toward the Ubiquitous Learning Environment Link


  • Amigo: The Intelligent Home Network link
  • CES 2007 - Microsoft Keynotelink
  • HCI with eye-motion detection link
  • Intelligent Drawings (for kids) link
  • Multi-Touch Experience link
  • Minority Report becomes reality link
  • Ubicomputing Fashion South Korea link
  • Wearable Computing Systems link


Everyware.jpg The dawning age of Ubiquitous Computing by Adam Greenfield

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